Difference between revisions of "Dependencies"

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<table class="bordered" style="padding: 2p
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== MIDT Dependencies Tagset ==
x">
+
 
 +
Notation: <em class="head">this color is used for heads</em> and <em class="dep">this one for dependents</em>.
 +
 
 +
<table class="bordered" style="padding: 4px">
 +
<tr><th style="width: 10%" bgcolor="#CCCCCC">Tag</th><th style="width: 15%" bgcolor="#CCCCCC">Relation Type</th><th style="width: 30%" bgcolor="#CCCCCC">Description</th><th style="width: 45%" bgcolor="#CCCCCC">Examples</th></tr>
  
 
<tr>
 
<tr>
  <th bgcolor="#eee">MIDT</th>
+
<td>arg</td><td>argument</td>
  <th bgcolor="#eee">TANL</th>
+
<td>Relation between a verbal or nominal head and a non-subject clausal argument.</td>
  <th bgcolor="#eee">TUT</th>
+
<td>Il 63% dei francesi ha <em class="head">imposto</em> al presidente <em class="dep">di</em> rinunciare alla sua bomba<br />
  <th bgcolor="#eee">Description</th>
+
&Egrave; giunto il <em class="head">momento</em> <em class="dep">di</em> creare un'area denuclearizzata<br />
 +
Le autorit&agrave; hanno <em class="head">annunciato</em> <em class="dep">che</em> il blitz &egrave; concluso<br />
 +
La <em class="head">decisione</em> <em class="dep">di</em> continuare...<br />
 +
...<em class="head">escludendo</em> <em class="dep">che</em> il militare volesse veramente mettere in pericolo...<br />
 +
Sono <em class="head">rifiutati</em> <em class="dep">di</em> fornire informazione
 +
</td>
 +
</tr>
 +
 
 +
<tr >
 +
<td>aux</td><td>[http://it.wiktionary.org/wiki/ausiliare auxiliary]</td><td>Relation between a verb and its auxiliary or between a verbal head and a modal verb.</td>
 +
<td>Il corazziere <em class="dep">&egrave;</em> <em class="head">stato</em> individuato<br />
 +
Il corazziere &egrave; <em class="dep">stato</em> <em class="head">individuato</em><br />
 +
<em class="dep">Ha</em> <em class="head">dichiarato</em> di <em class="dep">aver</em> <em class="head">pagato</em> i terroristi <br />
 +
Una sala ha <em class="dep">dovuto</em> essere <em class="head">sgomberata</em><br />
 +
Avrebbe <em class="dep">potuto</em> <em class="head">ripeter</em>si
 +
</td>
 +
</tr>
 +
 
 +
<tr style="background-color: aqua">
 +
<td>aux_pass</td><td>passive auxiliary</td><td>Specializes aux when verb is a passive construction (MIDT+, MIDT++)</td>
 +
<td>Il corazziere &egrave; <em class="dep">stato</em> <em class="head">individuato</em><br />
 +
</td>
 
</tr>
 
</tr>
 +
 
<tr>
 
<tr>
  <td>_ROOT</td>
+
<td>clit</td><td>[http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/Category:Clitics clitic]</td><td>Relation between a clitic pronoun and a verbal head used in pronominal form.</td>
  <td>ROOT</td>
+
<td>La sedia <em class="dep">si</em> &egrave; <em class="head">rotta</em><br />
  <td>TOP, TOPGAP</td>
+
Non <em class="dep">ci</em> <em class="head">rendiamo</em> conto<br />
  <td>&nbsp;</td>
+
<em class="dep">Si</em> <em class="head">tratta</em> della scoperta
 +
</td>
 
</tr>
 
</tr>
 +
 
<tr>
 
<tr>
  <td>_APPO</td>
+
<td>comp</td><td>[http://it.wiktionary.org/wiki/complemento complement]</td><td>Relation between a head and a prepositional complement, whether a modifier or a subcategorized argument. Neutralizes comp_ind, comp_loc, comp_temp, ... </td><td>
  <td>mod</td>
+
Fu <em class="head">assassinata</em> <em class="dep">da</em> un pazzo<br />
  <td>APPOSITION</td>
+
E' più <em class="head">interessante</em> <em class="dep">del</em> libro<br />
  <td>noun modifier, when dependent is noun or number</td>
+
<em class="head">Oggi</em> <em class="dep">come</em> allora<br />
 +
<em class="head">Più</em> <em class="dep">di</em> quattrocento esemplari<br />
 +
<em class="head">Osteggiata</em> <em class="dep">dal</em> governo di Berna<br />
 +
<em class="head">Grande</em> <em class="dep">quanto</em> mezza Italia<br />
 +
Ho <em class="head">dato</em> il libro <em class="dep">a</em> lui<br />
 +
I carabinieri <em class="dep">gli</em> hanno <em class="head">recapitato</em> il decreto<br />
 +
Si <em class="head">trovava</em> <em class="dep">in</em> un parco<br />
 +
Era <em class="head">uscito</em> <em class="dep">di</em> casa alle 10<br />
 +
Si <em class="head">trovava</em> <em class="dep">in</em> un parco<br />
 +
Era <em class="head">uscito</em> <em class="dep">di</em> casa alle 10
 +
</td>
 +
</tr>
 +
<tr style="background-color: aqua">
 +
<td>comp_agent</td><td>[http://it.wiktionary.org/wiki/complemento complement]</td><td>Agent (MIDT++)</td>
 +
<td>
 +
Fu <em class="head">assassinata</em> <em class="dep">da</em> un pazzo<br />
 +
</td>
 +
</tr>
 +
<tr style="background-color: aqua">
 +
<td>comp_ind</td><td>[http://it.wiktionary.org/wiki/complemento complement]</td><td>Indirect complement (MIDT+, MIDT++)</td>
 +
<td>
 +
Ho <em class="head">dato</em> il libro <em class="dep">a</em> lui<br />
 +
I carabinieri <em class="dep">gli</em> hanno <em class="head">recapitato</em> il decreto<br />
 +
</td>
 
</tr>
 
</tr>
 +
<!--
 
<tr>
 
<tr>
  <td>_ARG</td>
+
<td>comp_ind</td><td>[http://it.wiktionary.org/wiki/complemento_di_termine indirect complement/object]</td><td>Denotes the affected participant of an event.</td><td>
  <td>arg</td>
+
Ho <em class="head">dato</em> il libro <em class="dep">a</em> lui<br />
  <td>OBJ, INDCOMPL</td>
+
I carabinieri <em class="dep">gli</em> hanno <em class="head">recapitato</em> il decreto
  <td>introduced by preposition or subord conjunction</td>
+
</td>
 
</tr>
 
</tr>
 +
 
<tr>
 
<tr>
  <td>_AUX</td>
+
<td>comp_loc</td><td>[http://it.wiktionary.org/wiki/complemento_di_luogo locative complement]</td><td>Expresses either a location or a direction of movement of an action.</td>
  <td>aux</td>
+
<td>
  <td>AUX(+PASSIVE +PROGRESSIVE +TENSE)</td>
+
Si <em class="head">trovava</em> <em class="dep">in</em> un parco<br />
  <td>&nbsp;</td>
+
Era <em class="head">uscito</em> <em class="dep">di</em> casa alle 10<br />
 +
</td>
 
</tr>
 
</tr>
 +
 
<tr>
 
<tr>
  <td>_CLIT</td>
+
<td>comp_temp</td><td>[http://it.wiktionary.org/wiki/complemento_di_tempo temporal complement]</td><td>Denotes a temporal relation with a verbal head.</td>
  <td>clit</td>
+
<td>
  <td>EMPTYCOMPL, SUBJ/SUBJ+IMPERS</td>
+
<em class="dep">Nel</em> 1985 è stata <em class="head">uccisa</em> un'antropologa<br />
  <td>&nbsp;</td>
+
L'allarme è <em class="head">scattato</em> la scorsa <em class="dep">settimana</em><br />
 +
</td>
 
</tr>
 
</tr>
 +
-->
 
<tr>
 
<tr>
  <td>_COMP</td>
+
<td>con</td><td>copulative conjunction</td><td>Relation between a copulative conjunction or disjunction in coordinate structures and the first conjunct or disjunct.
  <td>comp</td>
+
</td><td>
  <td>INDCOMPL, SUBJ/INDCOMPL, COORD+COMPAR</td>
+
Una ragazza <em class="head">violentata</em> <em class="dep">e</em> sequestrata da due slavi<br />
  <td>coverage</td>
+
<em class="head">Gabriella</em> <em class="dep">e</em> Paolo sono partiti<br />
 +
Hanno <em class="head">riarmato</em> <em class="dep">,</em> addestrato e preparato l'esercito<br />
 +
Hanno riarmato, <em class="head">addestrato</em> <em class="dep">e</em> preparato l'esercito<br />
 +
<em class="head">Scontri</em> <em class="dep">,</em> assalti e centinaia di feriti<br />
 +
Scontri, <em class="head">assalti</em> <em class="dep">e</em> centinaia di feriti<br />
 +
Cassonetti dell'immondizia <em class="head">rovesciati</em> <em class="dep">o</em> incendiati<br />
 +
Partecipa <em class="head">a</em> manifestazioni politiche <em class="dep">o</em> a dibattiti
 +
</td>
 
</tr>
 
</tr>
 +
 
<tr>
 
<tr>
  <td>_COMP</td>
+
<td>concat</td><td>concatenation</td><td>Relation between tokens forming complex word forms (e.g. complex proper nouns, multi-word expressions and the like).</td><td>
  <td>comp_ind</td>
+
Il segretario di <em class="head">De</em> <em class="dep">Michelis</em><br />
  <td>INDOBJ, SUBJ/INDOBJ</td>
+
L'enciclica "<em class="head">Mulieris</em> <em class="dep">dignitatem</em>"<br />
  <td>&nbsp;</td>
+
La <em class="head">International</em> <em class="dep">Public</em> Sport<br />
 +
La International <em class="head">Public</em> <em class="dep">Sport</em><br />
 +
</td>
 
</tr>
 
</tr>
 +
 
<tr>
 
<tr>
  <td>_COMP</td>
+
<td>conj</td><td>conjunct linked by a [[copulative conjunction]] (con)</td><td>Relation between the conjuncts after the first to the previous one. ''conj'' is used in association with coordinating copulative conjunctions.
  <td>comp_loc</td>
+
</td><td>
  <td>no equivalent relation (see comp)</td>
+
Una ragazza <em class="head">violentata</em> e <em class="dep">sequestrata</em> da due slavi<br />
  <td>coverage</td>
+
<em class="head">Gabriella</em> e <em class="dep">Paolo</em> sono partiti<br />
 +
Hanno <em class="head">riarmato</em> , <em class="dep">addestrato</em> e preparato l'esercito<br />
 +
Hanno riarmato, <em class="head">addestrato</em> e <em class="dep">preparato</em> l'esercito<br />
 +
<em class="head">Scontri</em> , <em class="dep">assalti</em> e centinaia di feriti<br />
 +
Scontri, assalti <em class="head">e</em> <em class="dep">centinaia</em> di feriti<br />
 +
Cassonetti dell'immondizia <em class="head">rovesciati</em> o <em class="dep">incendiati</em><br />
 +
Partecipa <em class="head">a</em> manifestazioni politiche o <em class="dep">a</em> dibattiti
 +
</td>
 
</tr>
 
</tr>
 +
 
<tr>
 
<tr>
  <td>_COMP</td>
+
<td>det</td><td>[http://it.wiktionary.org/wiki/determinante determiner]</td><td>
  <td>comp_temp</td>
+
Relation between a nominal head and its determiner.</td><td>
  <td>no equivalent relation (see comp)</td>
+
<em class="dep">Una</em> <em class="head">sala</em> ha dovuto essere sgomberata<br />
  <td>coverage</td>
+
Rilevata <em class="dep">la</em> <em class="head">presenza</em> di gas
 +
</td>
 
</tr>
 
</tr>
 +
<!--
 
<tr>
 
<tr>
  <td>_CON</td>
+
<td>dis</td><td>disjunctive conjunction</td><td>Relation between a disjunctive conjunction in coordinate structures and the first conjunct which is taken to be the head of the whole coordinate structure.
  <td>con</td>
+
</td><td>
  <td>COORD(+BASE +ADVERS +COMPAR +COND +CORRELAT +ESPLIC +RANGE +SYMMETRIC)</td>
+
Cassonetti dell'immondizia <em class="head">rovesciati</em> <em class="dep">o</em> incendiati<br />
  <td>coverage, head selection</td>
+
Partecipa <em class="head">a</em> manifestazioni politiche <em class="dep">o</em> a dibattiti
 +
</td>
 
</tr>
 
</tr>
 +
 
<tr>
 
<tr>
  <td>_CONCAT</td>
+
<td>disj</td><td>conjunct in a [[disjunctive compound]] linked by a [[disjunctive conjunction]] (dis)</td><td>Relation between the (second, third, …) conjuncts to the first conjunct which is taken as the head of the whole coordinate structure. ''disj'' is used in association with coordinating disjunctive conjunctions.
  <td>concat</td>
+
</td><td>
  <td>CONTIN(+LOCUT +DENOM +PREP)</td>
+
Cassonetti dell'immondizia <em class="head">rovesciati</em> o <em class="dep">incendiati</em><br />
  <td>&nbsp;</td>
+
Partecipa <em class="head">a</em> manifestazioni politiche o <em class="dep">a</em> dibattiti
 +
</td>
 
</tr>
 
</tr>
 +
-->
 
<tr>
 
<tr>
  <td>_CONJ</td>
+
<td>mod</td><td>modifier</td><td>Relation between a head and its adjectival, adverbial, and clausal modifier.  For example, noun+adjective, adverb+verb, and phrasal modifiers. Also noun+noun appositive constituents. Neutralizes mod_loc, mod_temp.</td><td>
  <td>conj</td>
+
I colori <em class="head">sono</em> <em class="dep">sempre</em> gli stessi<br />
  <td>COORD2ND(+BASE +ADVERS +COMPAR +COND +CORRELAT +ESPLIC +RANGE +SYMMETRIC)</td>
+
<em class="head">Colori</em> <em class="dep">intensi</em><br />
  <td>coverage<br />head selection</td>
+
Trionfo di Didoni nei <em class="dep">20</em> <em class="head">km</em> di marcia<br />
 +
<em class="head">Cesare</em> l'<em class="dep">Imperatore</em><br />
 +
<em class="dep">Per</em> arrivare in tempo, sono <em class="head">partito</em> molto presto <br />
 +
<em class="dep">Quando</em> la campanella suona, i bambini <em class="head">escono</em> da scuola<br />
 +
Non <em class="head">so</em> <em class="dep">dove</em><br />
 +
Tutto <em class="head">cominciò</em> proprio <em class="dep">lì</em><br />
 +
Avrei voluto <em class="head">fermar</em>mi <em class="dep">qui</em> più a lungo<br />
 +
Scoperto 75 <em class="head">anni</em> <em class="dep">fa</em><br />
 +
Non <em class="head">superano</em> <em class="dep">mai</em> gli 8 milioni<br />
 +
</td>
 
</tr>
 
</tr>
<tr>
+
<tr style="background-color: aqua">
  <td>_DET, _ARG</td>
+
<td>mod_appos</td><td>apposition</td><td>Specializes mod when apposition (MIDT+, MIDT++)</td><td>
  <td>det</td>
+
<em class="head">Cesare</em>, l'<em class="dep">Imperatore</em> dell'impero romano ...<br />
  <td>ARG</td>
+
</td>
  <td>head selection</td>
 
 
</tr>
 
</tr>
<tr>
+
<tr style="background-color: aqua">
  <td>_CON</td>
+
<td>mod_parataxis</td><td>parataxis</td><td>Specializes mod when parataxis (MIDT+, MIDT++)</td><td>
  <td>dis</td>
+
Anche Maria, <em class="dep">ricorda</em> Wojtyla, <em class="head">portò</em> il peso di una storica emarginazione
  <td>no equivalent relation (see con)</td>
+
</td>
  <td>coverage</td>
 
 
</tr>
 
</tr>
<tr>
+
<tr style="background-color: aqua">
  <td>_CONJ</td>
+
<td>mod_temp</td><td>temporal modifier</td><td>Specializes mod when nominal temporal modifier (MIDT+, MIDT++)</td><td>
  <td>disj</td>
+
<em class="head">Scoperto</em> 75 <em class="dep">anni</em> fa<br />
  <td>no equivalent relation (see conj)</td>
+
</td>
  <td>coverage</td>
 
 
</tr>
 
</tr>
 +
<!--
 
<tr>
 
<tr>
  <td>_AUX</td>
+
<td>mod_loc</td><td>locative modifier</td><td>Relation between a head and its adjectival, adverbial, and clausal modifier that expresses either a static or directional location.</td><td>
  <td>modal</td>
+
Non <em class="head">so</em> <em class="dep">dove</em><br />
  <td>no equivalent relation (see mod)</td>
+
Tutto <em class="head">cominciò</em> proprio <em class="dep">lì</em><br />
  <td>coverage, head selection</td>
+
Avrei voluto <em class="head">fermar</em>mi <em class="dep">qui</em> più a lungo<br />
 +
</td>
 
</tr>
 
</tr>
 +
-->
 +
<!--
 
<tr>
 
<tr>
  <td>_MOD</td>
+
<td>mod_temp</td><td>temporal modifier</td><td>A temporal relation between a head and its adjectival, adverbial, and clausal modifier.</td><td>
  <td>mod</td>
+
<em class="dep">Ieri</em> hanno <em class="head">dormito</em> all'aperto<br />
  <td>RMODRMOD+RELCL+REDUC, INTERJECTION, COORDANTEC+COMPAR</td>
+
Scoperto 75 <em class="head">anni</em> <em class="dep">fa</em><br />
  <td>coverage</td>
+
Non <em class="head">superano</em> <em class="dep">mai</em> gli 8 milioni<br />
 +
</td>
 
</tr>
 
</tr>
 +
-->
 
<tr>
 
<tr>
  <td>_MOD</td>
+
<td>neg</td><td>negative</td><td>Negative modifier (“no” or “non”)</td>
  <td>mod_loc</td>
+
<td>A volte <em class="dep">non</em> <em class="head">dormo</em>
  <td>no equivalent relation (see mod)</td>
+
</td>
  <td>coverage</td>
 
 
</tr>
 
</tr>
 +
 
<tr>
 
<tr>
  <td>_RELCL</td>
+
<td>obj</td><td>[http://it.wiktionary.org/wiki/complemento_oggetto direct object]</td><td>Relation between a verbal head and its direct object (always non-clausal).</td><td>
  <td>mod_rel</td>
+
<em class="head">Hanno</em> un <em class="dep">modo</em> di ragionare rozzo<br />
  <td>RMOD+RELCL</td>
+
<em class="head">Centellinando</em> le <em class="dep">informazioni</em><br />
  <td>coverage</td>
+
&Egrave; giunto il momento di <em class="head">creare</em> un'<em class="dep">area</em> denuclearizzata<br />
 +
<em class="head">Rilevata</em> la <em class="dep">presenza</em> di gas
 +
</td>
 
</tr>
 
</tr>
 +
 
<tr>
 
<tr>
  <td>_MOD</td>
+
<td>pred</td><td>predicative complement</td><td>Relation between a head and a predicative complement, be it subject or object predicative. Neutralizes pred_loc, pred_temp.</td><td>
  <td>mod_temp</td>
+
L'incontro &egrave; <em class="head">stato</em> <em class="dep">fatale</em>
  <td>no equivalent relation (see mod)</td>
+
<br />
  <td>coverage</td>
+
Questo <em class="head">&egrave;</em> il <em class="dep">messaggio</em> finale<br />
 +
Il presidente non <em class="head">era</em> <em class="dep">in</em> casa<br />
 +
La riunione <em class="head">è</em> <em class="dep">alle</em> 5
 +
</td>
 
</tr>
 
</tr>
 +
<!--
 
<tr>
 
<tr>
  <td>_NEG</td>
+
<td>pred_loc</td><td>locative predicate</td><td>Expresses a spatial property of the subject, after a linking verb.
  <td>neg</td>
+
</td><td>
  <td>no equivalent relation (see mod)</td>
+
Il presidente non <em class="head">era</em> <em class="dep">in</em> casa
  <td>coverage</td>
+
</td>
 
</tr>
 
</tr>
 +
 
<tr>
 
<tr>
  <td>_OBJ</td>
+
<td>pred_temp</td><td>temporal predicate</td><td>Expresses a temporal property of the subject, after a linking verb. </td><td>
  <td>obj</td>
+
La riunione <em class="head">è</em> <em class="dep">alle</em> 5
  <td>OBJ<br />OBJ, SUBJ/OBJ, EXTRAOBJ</td>
+
</td>
  <td>coverage</td>
 
 
</tr>
 
</tr>
 +
-->
 
<tr>
 
<tr>
  <td>_PRED</td>
+
<td>prep</td><td>preposition</td><td>Relation between a prepositional head and its complement, whether clausal or non-clausal.</td>
  <td>pred</td>
+
<td>Un contributo <em class="head">alla</em> <em class="dep">lotta</em> contro la criminalit&agrave;<br />
  <td>PREDCOMPL(+SUBJ +OBJ), RMODPRED(+OBJ +SUBJ), INTERJECTION, COORDANTEC+COMPAR</td>
+
Un contributo alla lotta <em class="head">contro</em> la <em class="dep">criminalit&agrave;</em><br />
  <td>&nbsp;</td>
+
Prima<em class="head"> di</em> <em class="dep">partire</em> ho telefonato
 +
</td>
 
</tr>
 
</tr>
 +
 
<tr>
 
<tr>
  <td>_PRED</td>
+
<td>punc</td><td>punctuation</td><td>Relation between a word token and a punctuation mark.</td><td>
  <td>pred_loc</td>
+
<em class="head">Teatro</em> della tragedia <em class="dep">,</em> ...<br />
  <td>no equivalent relation (see pred)</td>
+
</td>
  <td>coverage</td>
 
 
</tr>
 
</tr>
 +
 
<tr>
 
<tr>
  <td>_PRED</td>
+
<td>relcl</td><td>relative clause modifier</td><td>Relation between the verbal head of a relative clause and its nominal head in the higher clause.
  <td>pred_temp</td>
+
<ref>The ''relcl'' relation is also used in case of free relatives, linking the verbal head of the free relative to the ''chi'' pronoun (which in turn is directly linked to its governor)</ref>
  <td>no equivalent relation (see pred)</td>
+
</td><td>
  <td>coverage</td>
+
<em class="head">Box</em> che &egrave; stato <em class="dep">trovato</em> nel pomeriggio<br />
 +
Quell'<em class="head">ordine</em> che i due Stranamore pentiti avevano <em class="dep">imposto</em> per cinquant'anni<br />
 +
Non &egrave; mai stato accertato <em class="head">chi</em> <em class="dep">volle</em> la sua morte<br />
 +
</td>
 
</tr>
 
</tr>
 +
 
<tr>
 
<tr>
  <td>_PREP, _ARG</td>
+
<td>ROOT</td><td>sentence root</td><td>Head of sentence.</td>
  <td>prep</td>
+
<td>
  <td>ARG</td>
+
<em class="dep">Desidero</em>
  <td>head selection</td>
+
<ref>Only the dependent is shown, since the head is a fictitious root node</ref>
 +
dormire.
 +
</td>
 
</tr>
 
</tr>
 +
 
<tr>
 
<tr>
  <td>_PUNC</td>
+
<td>sub</td><td>subordinate clause</td><td>Relation between a subordinative conjunction and the verbal head of its clausal complement.</td><td>
  <td>punc</td>
+
Ha detto <em class="head">che</em> non <em class="dep">intendeva</em> fare nulla <br />
  <td>CLOSE(+PARENTHETICAL +QUOTES), END, INITIATOR, OPEN(+PARENTHETICAL+QUOTES), SEPARATOR</td>
+
Le autorit&agrave; hanno annunciato <em class="head">che</em> il blitz &egrave;
  <td>&nbsp;</td>
+
<em class="dep">concluso</em><br />
 +
Venne ucciso <em class="head">mentre</em> <em class="dep">cercava</em> di difendere la ragazza<br />
 +
</td>
 
</tr>
 
</tr>
 +
 
<tr>
 
<tr>
  <td>_SUB, _ARG</td>
+
<td>subj</td><td>[http://it.wiktionary.org/wiki/soggetto subject]</td><td>Relation between an active verb and its subject.  It is also used to mark clausal subjects.
  <td>sub</td>
+
<ref name="due">When the subject is not explicit, as it occurs in pro-drop languages like Italian, the subject relation is not present: the morpho-syntactic features of the subject, can be induced from the inflectional features of the verb.</ref></td><td>
  <td>ARG</td>
+
il <em class="dep">testimone</em> ha <em class="head">parlato</em> subito<br />
  <td>head selection</td>
+
le <em class="dep">vittime</em> <em class="head">seguivano</em> gli aiuti
 +
<br />
 +
</td>
 
</tr>
 
</tr>
 +
 
<tr>
 
<tr>
  <td>_SUBJ</td>
+
<td>subj_pass</td><td>passive subject</td><td>Relation between a passive verb and its subject.</td>
  <td>subj</td>
+
<td>
  <td>SUBJ, EXTRASUBJ</td>
+
I <em class="dep">missionari</em> erano stati <em class="head">rapiti</em> la mattina presto<br />
  <td>coverage</td>
+
Circa 83.000 <em class="dep">franchi</em> furono <em class="head">spesi</em><br />
 +
</td>
 
</tr>
 
</tr>
 +
<!--
 
<tr>
 
<tr>
  <td>_SUBJ_PASS</td>
+
<td>voc</td><td>vocative</td><td>Vocative expression</td><td>
  <td>subj_pass</td>
+
Signor <em class="dep">presidente</em>, <em class="head">chiedo</em> la parola
  <td>OBJ/SUBJ</td>
+
</td>
  <td>&nbsp;</td>
 
 
</tr>
 
</tr>
 +
-->
 
</table>
 
</table>
 +
 +
 +
== Notes ==
 +
 +
<references />

Latest revision as of 17:11, 31 October 2013

MIDT Dependencies Tagset

Notation: this color is used for heads and this one for dependents.

TagRelation TypeDescriptionExamples
argargument Relation between a verbal or nominal head and a non-subject clausal argument. Il 63% dei francesi ha imposto al presidente di rinunciare alla sua bomba

È giunto il momento di creare un'area denuclearizzata
Le autorità hanno annunciato che il blitz è concluso
La decisione di continuare...
...escludendo che il militare volesse veramente mettere in pericolo...
Sono rifiutati di fornire informazione

auxauxiliaryRelation between a verb and its auxiliary or between a verbal head and a modal verb. Il corazziere è stato individuato

Il corazziere è stato individuato
Ha dichiarato di aver pagato i terroristi
Una sala ha dovuto essere sgomberata
Avrebbe potuto ripetersi

aux_passpassive auxiliarySpecializes aux when verb is a passive construction (MIDT+, MIDT++) Il corazziere è stato individuato
clitcliticRelation between a clitic pronoun and a verbal head used in pronominal form. La sedia si è rotta

Non ci rendiamo conto
Si tratta della scoperta

compcomplementRelation between a head and a prepositional complement, whether a modifier or a subcategorized argument. Neutralizes comp_ind, comp_loc, comp_temp, ...

Fu assassinata da un pazzo
E' più interessante del libro
Oggi come allora
Più di quattrocento esemplari
Osteggiata dal governo di Berna
Grande quanto mezza Italia
Ho dato il libro a lui
I carabinieri gli hanno recapitato il decreto
Si trovava in un parco
Era uscito di casa alle 10
Si trovava in un parco
Era uscito di casa alle 10

comp_agentcomplementAgent (MIDT++)

Fu assassinata da un pazzo

comp_indcomplementIndirect complement (MIDT+, MIDT++)

Ho dato il libro a lui
I carabinieri gli hanno recapitato il decreto

concopulative conjunctionRelation between a copulative conjunction or disjunction in coordinate structures and the first conjunct or disjunct.

Una ragazza violentata e sequestrata da due slavi
Gabriella e Paolo sono partiti
Hanno riarmato , addestrato e preparato l'esercito
Hanno riarmato, addestrato e preparato l'esercito
Scontri , assalti e centinaia di feriti
Scontri, assalti e centinaia di feriti
Cassonetti dell'immondizia rovesciati o incendiati
Partecipa a manifestazioni politiche o a dibattiti

concatconcatenationRelation between tokens forming complex word forms (e.g. complex proper nouns, multi-word expressions and the like).

Il segretario di De Michelis
L'enciclica "Mulieris dignitatem"
La International Public Sport
La International Public Sport

conjconjunct linked by a copulative conjunction (con)Relation between the conjuncts after the first to the previous one. conj is used in association with coordinating copulative conjunctions.

Una ragazza violentata e sequestrata da due slavi
Gabriella e Paolo sono partiti
Hanno riarmato , addestrato e preparato l'esercito
Hanno riarmato, addestrato e preparato l'esercito
Scontri , assalti e centinaia di feriti
Scontri, assalti e centinaia di feriti
Cassonetti dell'immondizia rovesciati o incendiati
Partecipa a manifestazioni politiche o a dibattiti

detdeterminer Relation between a nominal head and its determiner.

Una sala ha dovuto essere sgomberata
Rilevata la presenza di gas

modmodifierRelation between a head and its adjectival, adverbial, and clausal modifier. For example, noun+adjective, adverb+verb, and phrasal modifiers. Also noun+noun appositive constituents. Neutralizes mod_loc, mod_temp.

I colori sono sempre gli stessi
Colori intensi
Trionfo di Didoni nei 20 km di marcia
Cesare l'Imperatore
Per arrivare in tempo, sono partito molto presto
Quando la campanella suona, i bambini escono da scuola
Non so dove
Tutto cominciò proprio
Avrei voluto fermarmi qui più a lungo
Scoperto 75 anni fa
Non superano mai gli 8 milioni

mod_apposappositionSpecializes mod when apposition (MIDT+, MIDT++)

Cesare, l'Imperatore dell'impero romano ...

mod_parataxisparataxisSpecializes mod when parataxis (MIDT+, MIDT++)

Anche Maria, ricorda Wojtyla, portò il peso di una storica emarginazione

mod_temptemporal modifierSpecializes mod when nominal temporal modifier (MIDT+, MIDT++)

Scoperto 75 anni fa

negnegativeNegative modifier (“no” or “non”) A volte non dormo
objdirect objectRelation between a verbal head and its direct object (always non-clausal).

Hanno un modo di ragionare rozzo
Centellinando le informazioni
È giunto il momento di creare un'area denuclearizzata
Rilevata la presenza di gas

predpredicative complementRelation between a head and a predicative complement, be it subject or object predicative. Neutralizes pred_loc, pred_temp.

L'incontro è stato fatale
Questo è il messaggio finale
Il presidente non era in casa
La riunione è alle 5

prepprepositionRelation between a prepositional head and its complement, whether clausal or non-clausal. Un contributo alla lotta contro la criminalità

Un contributo alla lotta contro la criminalità
Prima di partire ho telefonato

puncpunctuationRelation between a word token and a punctuation mark.

Teatro della tragedia , ...

relclrelative clause modifierRelation between the verbal head of a relative clause and its nominal head in the higher clause.

[1]

Box che è stato trovato nel pomeriggio
Quell'ordine che i due Stranamore pentiti avevano imposto per cinquant'anni
Non è mai stato accertato chi volle la sua morte

ROOTsentence rootHead of sentence.

Desidero [2] dormire.

subsubordinate clauseRelation between a subordinative conjunction and the verbal head of its clausal complement.

Ha detto che non intendeva fare nulla
Le autorità hanno annunciato che il blitz è concluso
Venne ucciso mentre cercava di difendere la ragazza

subjsubjectRelation between an active verb and its subject. It is also used to mark clausal subjects. [3]

il testimone ha parlato subito
le vittime seguivano gli aiuti

subj_passpassive subjectRelation between a passive verb and its subject.

I missionari erano stati rapiti la mattina presto
Circa 83.000 franchi furono spesi


Notes

  1. The relcl relation is also used in case of free relatives, linking the verbal head of the free relative to the chi pronoun (which in turn is directly linked to its governor)
  2. Only the dependent is shown, since the head is a fictitious root node
  3. When the subject is not explicit, as it occurs in pro-drop languages like Italian, the subject relation is not present: the morpho-syntactic features of the subject, can be induced from the inflectional features of the verb.